Friday, December 13, 2013

Transmission of Aids

INTRODUCTION As we all grapple, AIDS (Acquired Immune neediness Syndrome) is a fatal infection caused by the Human Immunodeficiency computer virus (human immunodeficiency virus). The virus attacks the bodys immune system and, everywhere a detail of time, destroys it. This disables the bodys dexterity to fight off infections by different germs and the harvest-tide of usher outcers, last resulting in death. HOW IS human immunodeficiency virus air? human immunodeficiency virus is airing by means of the exchange of bodily fluids, which contain a high big(p) amount of HIV much(prenominal) as blood, seed and vaginal secretions. The approximately common means of transmission is through exposed fire and the sharing of dirty needles among drug users. Although HIV can be put in in body substances such as saliva, tears and urine - the quantities in which they argon found in are so low that they are relatively harmless. WHO atomic number 18 AT RISK OF get AIDS? Over vi osterol Singaporeans have been tested unequivocal for HIV (up to late- 1996), however, this is probably however the tip of the iceberg as there are umteen a(prenominal) differents who are infected barely do non k at one time that they are. In the 1980s, the majority of infections in Singapore were homo sexual or effeminate men; but now there are many infections seen among straightaway men and women. Heterosexual sex is now the main(prenominal) system of transmission in Singapore and over 75% of infections throughout the world are acquired through heterosexual intercourse. non everybody who has sex with an infected mortal will bring in infected. However, the risks increase sharply in the presence of other sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) i.e. gonorrhea, herpes and syphilis or when the infected person has symptoms of late HIV infection. Females have an eight times greater risk of catching the infection from an infected male than offense versa whereas anal intercour se without condoms carry the highest risk of! and sexual activity. The post of catching HIV from contaminated needles is extremely high (around 80%), the chance of a pregnant mother infecting her baby is in the midst of 15 to 30%. CAN HIV BE SPREAD THROUGH CASUAL CONTACT? Although more than half(prenominal) of the familiar student population which we surveyed believed that HIV could be spread by insects such as mosquitoes, this is severely not the case. thither has been utterly no evidence that mosquitoes or any other crisp insect can spread HIV.
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It has withal been once and for all shown that the avocation cannot spread HIV: · Health clubs · Sneezing · piteous · squeeze · Spitting · Toilets · Light kissing    Â Â Â Â Â Â Â· Bathrooms · Sinks · Shaking work force · Gyms · nutrient · Eating utensils · Massage HOW CAN HIV infection BE PREVENTED? One foolproof way of avoiding HIV infection, is sexual abstinence. This method eludes not nevertheless HIV, but also other STDs and pregnancy. Having only one faithful sexual partner and avoiding sex with battalion who have many sexual partners can also void the risk of HIV infection. Practising safe sex and use a condom when having penetrative sex also helps in avoiding make upting the virus. For those who are addicted to drugs and injecting, needles should never be dual-lane and equipment should eer be cleaned with bleach after usage. People who longing to get tattooed or have their ears pierced should also be accredited that the equipment used is new or sterilised betwixt customers. shoemakers last Throughout the years, there has been a steady muster of HIV infected people since the early 1980s. These people were not una voidably homosexual or bisexual, in fact as we entere! d the 1990s, most of those infected were heterosexual. This shows that everybody is capable of getting AIDS if they are not careful. If you want to get a full essay, collection it on our website: OrderEssay.net

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